...legend, prophecy, sermons, love poems, divination, magic, and many others. Some scriptures contain songs for sacrifice, whereas others have no ceremonies. Every religion has specific things that your higher upper asks for you to do. The scriptures are like the rules of life that you have to follow in order to reach your spiritual goals. Religion is big because people need to believe that there is something bigger then themselves that drives them to do certain things, good or bad. Religion gives you a sense of belonging to a community that will make you feel at home and will guide you to do better things for yourself and the people around you. One of the oldest religions in the world is Hinduism and is certainly the most internally diverse. Although it is the third largest religion in the world, Hinduism exists primarily in India and Nepal. People who follow the Hindu religion are known to be very into meditation and calmness. The Hindu religion does not only follow one god, but they have many gods who they look up to. Hindus are meant to be good people who stay away from sinfulness and they focus on finding their own true self. Ancient Hindu texts, particularly the Upanishads, perceived the individual self or "atman" as the immortal pure essence of each being. The problem in Hinduism is that people do not have means of attaining enlightenment. Another problem in Hinduism is the existence of suffering and evil which is the central concept of...
The World in a Train
One Sunday I entrained for Baliwag, a town in Bulacan which can well
afford to hold two fiestas a year without a qualm.
I took the train partly because I am prejudiced in favor of the governmentowned railroad, partly because I am allowed comparative comfort in a coach, and
finally because trains sometimes leave and arrive according to schedule.
In the coach I found a little world, a section of the abstraction called humanity
whom we are supposed to love and live for. I had previously arranged to divide the
idle hour or so between cultivating my neglected Christianity and smoothing out the
rough edges of my nature with the aid of grateful sights without – the rolling wheels,
the flying huts and trees and light-green palay seedlings and carabaos along the way.
Inertia, I suppose, and the sort of reality we moderns know make falling in love
with my immediate neighbors often a matter of severe strain and effort to me.
Let me give a sketchy picture of the little world whose company Mang Kiko
shared in moments which soon passed away affecting most of us.
First, there came to my notice three husky individuals who dusted their seats
furiously with their handkerchiefs without regard to hygiene or the brotherhood of
men. It gave me no little annoyance that on such a quiet morning the unpleasant
aspects in other people's ways should claim my attention.
Then there was a harmless-looking middle-aged man in green camisa de chino
with rolled sleeves who must have entered asleep. When I noticed him he was already
snuggly entrenched in a corner seat, with his slippered feet comfortably planted on the
opposite seat, all the while his head danced and dangled with the motion of the train. I
could not, for the love of me, imagine how he would look if he were awake.
A child of six in the next seat must have shared with me in speculating about the
dreams of this sleeping man in green. Was he dreaming of the Second World War or the
price of eggs? Had he any worries about the permanent dominion status or the final
outcome of the struggles of the masses, or was it merely the arrangement of the scales
on a fighting roaster's legs that brought that frown on his face?
But the party that most engaged my attention was a family of eight composed of
a short but efficient father, four very young children, mother, grandmother, and another
woman who must have been the efficient father's sister. They distributed themselves on
four benches – you know the kind of seats facing each other so that half the passengers
travel backward. The more I looked at the short but young and efficient father the
shorter his parts looked to me. His movements were fast and short, too. He removed his
coat, folded it carefully and slung it on the back of his seat. Then he pulled out his
wallet from the hip pocket and counted his money while his wife and the rest of his
group watched the ritual without a word.
Then the short, young, and efficient father stood up and pulled out two
banana leaf bundles from a bamboo basket and spread out both bundles on one
bench and log luncheon was ready at ten o'clock. With the efficient father leading
the charge, the children (except the baby in his grandmother's arms) began to dig
away with little encouragement and aid from the elders. In a short while the
skirmish was over, the enemy – shrimps, omelet, rice and tomato sauce – were
routed out, save for a few shrimps and some rice left for the grandmother to
handle in her own style later.
Then came the water-fetching ritual. The father, with a glass in hand, led the
march to the train faucet, followed by three children whose faces still showed the
marks of a hard-fought-battle. In passing between me and a person, then engaged
in a casual conversation with me, the short but efficient father made a courteous
gesture which is still good to see in these democratic days; he bent from the hips
and, dropping both hands, made an opening in the air between my collocutor and
me – a gesture which in unspoiled places means "Excuse Me."
In one of the stations where the train stopped, a bent old woman in black
boarded the train. As it moved away, the old woman went about the coach,
begging holding every prospective Samaritan by the arm, and stretching forth her
gnarled hand in the familiar fashion so distasteful to me at that time. There is
something in begging which destroys some fiber in most men. "Every time you
drop a penny into a beggar's palm you help degrade a man and make it more
difficult for him to rise with dignity…"
There was something in his beggar's eye which seemed to demand. "Now do
your duty." And I did. Willy-nilly I dropped a coin and thereby filled my life with
repulsion. Is this Christianity? "Blessed are the poor …" But with what speed did
that bent old woman cross the platform into the next coach!
While thus engaged in unwholesome thought, I felt myself jerked as the train
made a curve to the right. The toddler of the family of eight lost his balance and
caught the short but efficient father off-guard. In an instant all his efficiency was
employed in collecting the shrieking toddler from under his seat. The child had, in
no time, developed two elongated bumps on the head, upon which was applied a
moist piece of cloth. There were no reproaches, no words spoken. The discipline
in the family was remarkable, or was it because they considered the head as a
minor anatomical appendage and was therefore nor worth the fuss?
Occasionally, when the child's crying rose above the din of the locomotive and
the clinkety-clank of the wheels on the rails, the father would jog about a bit without
blushing, look at the bumps on his child's head, shake his own, and move his lips
saying, "Tsk, Tsk. And nothing more.
Fairly tired of assuming the minor responsibilities of my neighbors in this little
world in motion, I looked into the distant horizon where the blue Cordilleras merged
into the blue of the sky. There I rested my thoughts upon the billowing silver and grey
of the clouds, lightly remarking upon their being a trial to us, although they may not
know it. We each would mind our own business and suffer in silence for the littlest
mistakes of others; laughing at their ways if we happened to be in a position to suspend
our emotion and view the whole scene as a god would; or, we could weep for other
men if we are the mood to shed copious tears over the whole tragic aspect of a world
thrown out of joint.
It is strange how human sympathy operates. We assume an attitude of complete
indifference to utter strangers whom we have seen but not met. We claim that they are
the hardest to fall in love with in the normal exercise of Christian charity. Then a little
child falls from a seat, or a beggar stretches forth a gnarled hand, or three husky men
dust their seats; and we are, despite our pretensions, affected. Why not? If even a
sleeping man who does nothing touches our life!