• Home   /  
  • Archive by category "1"

Sports Psychology Motivation Essays

Sports Psychology Essay

Sports psychology is the study and implementation of mental techniques to better an athlete's performance. "On top of the time spent honing skills and developing physical readiness, studies of top performers have shown that the elite from a variety of different sports complete many laps of the track, lengths of the pool or throws of the javelin in their mind before competitions" (Lee Crust, 2004). In touch football, top players would spend hours practising moves on the field but would spend even longer rehearsing moves, considering options and strategising before they even step onto the field. This unit of work has allowed me, as a learning HPE student, to implement psychological strategies such as goal setting, arousal and performance relationship, mental rehearsal, and feedback and motivation.

"Goal setting is a means of keeping a practical achievement in sight and working towards it effectively to produce possible outcomes" (Amezdroz, pg 119). When goals are set, they must be specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-framed, that is SMART, or else they cannot be effective. This term, I set a number of goals and the main goal that I chose to focus upon was,

"Be able to run all set moves and rucking patterns

efficiently from all positions before assessment begins".

This goal of mine followed the SMART theory in that it was specific to touch, I could measure my progress, it was achievable for me physically and realistic that I could reach my goal, and I set myself a time frame for my goal to be achieved in.

To be able to achieve this goal though, I had to be able to set up a stair case to climb. This is referred to as the staircase model. My staircase consisted of a number of smaller, shorter goals: learning and understanding all moves and patterns, learning each position, and adapting to on field situations. In climbing my staircase I was able to reach my goal.

This goal was perhaps a mixture of two types of goals: outcome goals and process goals. To run all the moves correctly, I had to rely on other players in my team and focus specifically on the current move making it an outcome goal. I also had to rely on my own techniques of passing, catching, dumping etc. to run the move, thus making it a process goal also.

To better my overall performance, and work towards achieving my goal, I had to recognise and accept the relationship between arousal and performance and the factors that can help or hinder this relationship. "The optimum arousal level varies from athlete to athlete, and is also different for different sports," (Amezdroz, pg 123). For me to heighten my level of arousal, that would create the best performance, I had to find where on the 'inverted-U-curve', touch football would sit for me. I found that I required a reasonably high level of arousal for my performance to be maximised to my 'inverted-U-curve'...

Loading: Checking Spelling


Read more

Emerging Trends in the Field of Psychology

749 words - 3 pages Psychology, from the moment of its inception, has been a source of fascination for one and all. In its most generalized form, psychology can be understood as study of behavior and mental processes (Rathus, 2007). The technical concept of psychology has progressed through various meanings from the study of the soul, then consciousness, then to behavior. Now it is seen as a study of the cognitive aspects to constructive aspects. Like its meaning...

The Importance of Sport and Exercise Psychology

992 words - 4 pages Sport and exercise psychology is a mandatory aspect of the sport science discipline. This discipline contributes to the various professional practices associated with physical activities such as - teaching of physical education, recreation and health promotion, and kinesiology related professions - because it plays a mental role for the participants. Sport and exercise psychologists view physical activity in several different ways: physical...

The relationship between anxiety and sports

3098 words - 12 pages PAGE PAGE 1 Anxiety The relationship between anxiety and sportsIntroduction.Anxiety is a reaction that is measured using various scales through the observation of cognitive and physiological symptoms that become evident in reaction to a stimulus. In relation to sports, anxiety is often associated with an upcoming performance. Anxiety could...

Participation in Sport Has a Positive Impact on Academic Performance

1038 words - 4 pages ESSAY PARTICIPATION IN SPORT HAS A POSITIVE IMPACT ON ONES ACDEMIC PERFORMANCE   TABLE OF CONTENT 1. INTRODUCTION 2. (I)ADVANTAGES (ii)DISADVANTAGES 3. EVALUATION 4. CONCLUSION   Introduction Did you know that, boxing legend Rocky Marciano invented the fax machine? an athletic activity requiring skill or physical prowess and often of a competitive nature, as racing,baseball, tennis, golf, bowling, wrestling, boxing, hunting, fishing, etc...

Health Thesis: Extreme Sports vs. Risks. - A thesis on why we participate in extreme sports, for a Kinesiology course.

1011 words - 4 pages Health ThesisExtreme Sports vs. RisksExtreme SportsHave you ever done something so extreme, that you've actually risked your life for it maybe? If so, why did you do it? Maybe to prove a point, but to who? Many people actually feel like they must make that impact in the world and prove a point to everyone else about being able to...

Children and Sports: A Beginning to Something Great?

1530 words - 6 pages Today’s children participate in all kinds of activities. A sport is the biggest and the best way for children to gain the skills necessary to succeed in life as responsible citizens and adults. Skills are taught that are needed to be healthy and happy, but do these positive skills outweigh the negative effects children could suffer? Children and Sports: A Beginning to Something Great? In today’s world some parents push their children to...

The Effects of Sport on Levels of Mindfulness and Experiences of Flow: A Comparison of Contact, Non-contact and Team, Non-team Activities

1688 words - 7 pages The area of research that will be of focal concern is conscious awareness in relation to the concept of ‘mindfulness’. In addition to this, analogous research surrounding the topic area will be integrated, with particular attention being paid to an important aspect of sport psychology known as ‘flow’. Mindfulness has its roots in ancient spiritual traditions, namely Buddhism (Keng, Smoski, & Robins, 2011), and is commonly defined as “the...

Sports and Gender

1640 words - 7 pages Sports become stereotyped as gender-neutral, feminine, or masculine based on conceptions regarding gender, gender differences, and beliefs about the appropriateness of participation due to gender (Colley et al., 1987; Csizma, Wittig, & Schurr, 1988; Koivula, 1995; Matteo, 1986). Sports labeled as feminine seem to be those that allow women participants to act in accordance with the stereotyped expectations of femininity (such as being graceful and...

The Different Career Options for Psychologists

1011 words - 4 pages Psychology is the scientific study of actions and behaviors. Psychologists often form hypotheses and test these through studies and research. They carefully follow the scientific method to gather data. The research methods used by psychologists vary by branches of study. These methods include controlled laboratory experiments, and personality, intelligence, aptitude, or performance tests. Other methods of research are interviews,...

The Lack of Women's Sports Coverage

1890 words - 8 pages The Lack of Women's Sports Coverage      Can women's sports establish itself as a topic of on-going media and journalism curiosity?  Currently TV stations do minimal coverage of women's sports, while newspapers and magazines do just a little bit better.  In a recent interview with Gary Webb, a sports writer for The Spectrum, he says that "the people have demonstrated that there is an audience that loves hearing about women athletes.  After...

Foundations of Psychology

753 words - 3 pages Foundations of PsychologyFoundations of PsychologyPsychology is an academic and applied discipline involving the scientific study of mental processes and behavior. There is some tension between scientific psychology (with its program of empirical research) and applied psychology (dealing with a number of areas). Psychologists attempt to explain the mind and brain in the context of real life. In contrast neurologists utilize a physiological...

Sport Psychology in the Film "Coach Carter"

1828 WordsJun 3rd, 20078 Pages

Sports psychology deals with the mental and emotional aspects of physical performance. It involves describing, explaining and predicting attitudes, feelings and behaviours in an attempt to improve performance. In the film 'Coach Carter,' directed by Thomas Carter, sport psychology is used effectively to enhance the performance of a high school basketball team. However, this improved performance is not limited to the basketball court, it extends into the classroom where the students use goal setting, motivation, concentration and confidence control, ultimately to become accepted into college, avoiding a life of drugs, gangs and prison.

In the film, many sport psychology techniques are used to turn the immature teenagers of the Richmond…show more content…

When the athletes turn up to training late, they run. As well as negative motivation, negative reinforcement is present in the scene where Coach Carter is giving statistical feedback to his athletes. "Mr Worm, you were five and four… five turnovers and four missed free throws." As a result of these errors, Coach Carter decides to add an extra practise session every morning at 6am to teach his players the fundamentals of the game.

One type of motivation left out of Coach Carters' repertoire is intrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation is the desire to learn and perform well that comes from within an individual. This is a shame because intrinsic motivation has been proven to be the most successful type of motivation when it comes to keeping a commitment. Although intrinsic motivation does come from within an individual, eg; the desire to win a trophy for a grandfather, it can still be inspired by a coach.

Behaviour becomes either more or less likely depending on its consequences. The theory is that if you reward behaviours they are more likely to occur again, while punishment is more likely to reduce the chances of that behaviour occurring in the future. Coach Carter successfully uses negative motivation, however, positive motivation is rarely used and sport psychology research overwhelmingly supports the use of a predominantly (80-90%) positive approach. (Peak Performance issue 214) That said, the negative approach works very well in this situation

Show More

One thought on “Sports Psychology Motivation Essays

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *