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Sports Psychology Motivation Essays

Sports Psychology Essay

Sports psychology is the study and implementation of mental techniques to better an athlete's performance. "On top of the time spent honing skills and developing physical readiness, studies of top performers have shown that the elite from a variety of different sports complete many laps of the track, lengths of the pool or throws of the javelin in their mind before competitions" (Lee Crust, 2004). In touch football, top players would spend hours practising moves on the field but would spend even longer rehearsing moves, considering options and strategising before they even step onto the field. This unit of work has allowed me, as a learning HPE student, to implement psychological strategies such as goal setting, arousal and performance relationship, mental rehearsal, and feedback and motivation.

"Goal setting is a means of keeping a practical achievement in sight and working towards it effectively to produce possible outcomes" (Amezdroz, pg 119). When goals are set, they must be specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-framed, that is SMART, or else they cannot be effective. This term, I set a number of goals and the main goal that I chose to focus upon was,

"Be able to run all set moves and rucking patterns

efficiently from all positions before assessment begins".

This goal of mine followed the SMART theory in that it was specific to touch, I could measure my progress, it was achievable for me physically and realistic that I could reach my goal, and I set myself a time frame for my goal to be achieved in.

To be able to achieve this goal though, I had to be able to set up a stair case to climb. This is referred to as the staircase model. My staircase consisted of a number of smaller, shorter goals: learning and understanding all moves and patterns, learning each position, and adapting to on field situations. In climbing my staircase I was able to reach my goal.

This goal was perhaps a mixture of two types of goals: outcome goals and process goals. To run all the moves correctly, I had to rely on other players in my team and focus specifically on the current move making it an outcome goal. I also had to rely on my own techniques of passing, catching, dumping etc. to run the move, thus making it a process goal also.

To better my overall performance, and work towards achieving my goal, I had to recognise and accept the relationship between arousal and performance and the factors that can help or hinder this relationship. "The optimum arousal level varies from athlete to athlete, and is also different for different sports," (Amezdroz, pg 123). For me to heighten my level of arousal, that would create the best performance, I had to find where on the 'inverted-U-curve', touch football would sit for me. I found that I required a reasonably high level of arousal for my performance to be maximised to my 'inverted-U-curve'...

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Sport Psychology in the Film "Coach Carter"

1828 WordsJun 3rd, 20078 Pages

Sports psychology deals with the mental and emotional aspects of physical performance. It involves describing, explaining and predicting attitudes, feelings and behaviours in an attempt to improve performance. In the film 'Coach Carter,' directed by Thomas Carter, sport psychology is used effectively to enhance the performance of a high school basketball team. However, this improved performance is not limited to the basketball court, it extends into the classroom where the students use goal setting, motivation, concentration and confidence control, ultimately to become accepted into college, avoiding a life of drugs, gangs and prison.

In the film, many sport psychology techniques are used to turn the immature teenagers of the Richmond…show more content…

When the athletes turn up to training late, they run. As well as negative motivation, negative reinforcement is present in the scene where Coach Carter is giving statistical feedback to his athletes. "Mr Worm, you were five and four… five turnovers and four missed free throws." As a result of these errors, Coach Carter decides to add an extra practise session every morning at 6am to teach his players the fundamentals of the game.

One type of motivation left out of Coach Carters' repertoire is intrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation is the desire to learn and perform well that comes from within an individual. This is a shame because intrinsic motivation has been proven to be the most successful type of motivation when it comes to keeping a commitment. Although intrinsic motivation does come from within an individual, eg; the desire to win a trophy for a grandfather, it can still be inspired by a coach.

Behaviour becomes either more or less likely depending on its consequences. The theory is that if you reward behaviours they are more likely to occur again, while punishment is more likely to reduce the chances of that behaviour occurring in the future. Coach Carter successfully uses negative motivation, however, positive motivation is rarely used and sport psychology research overwhelmingly supports the use of a predominantly (80-90%) positive approach. (Peak Performance issue 214) That said, the negative approach works very well in this situation

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